Labor and Demographic Economics

Demographics as a factor of influence on the labor market

Authors: Konstantinova D. S.

Abstract

After the transition from a planned to a market economy, the formation and development of the labor market is one of the urgent problems that require the attention of state authorities. In this regard, the study of the influence of demographic factors on this process is of scientific interest, since the natural reproduction of the labor force acts as a basis for creating a mechanism for an effectively functioning labor market. At the same time, in the conditions observed in recent decades, the decline in the birth rate in our country, the problem of reproduction of labor resources is very acute. The purpose of this article is to analyse problems in the functioning of the labour market in terms of demographic crisis, the dynamics of demographic indicators that impact on reproduction of labor resources (fertility, mortality of working age, labor migration), the study of the problem of unequal replacement of generations in the workforce, identifying the main trends and patterns in research topics, to identify directions for addressing the identified problem areas. As a result of the analysis, conclusions were drawn about the presence of significant problems in the field of natural population growth, mortality of the population in working age and the constant aging of the country’s labor resources. Also, according to the results of the study, the author States that the currently available emigration flows do not sufficiently solve the problem of labor shortage in Russia. Accordingly, this situation requires more active state intervention in the regulation of the labor market and greater attention on its part to the demographic factor of the formation and development of the labor market.

Key Words

Reproduction of labor resources, demographic factors, birth rate, mortality, natural population growth, labor migration