Particularity economic and social development of regions

Regional development trends economic territory Arctic zone of the Republic Karelia

Authors: Volkov A. D., Kozyreva G. B.

Abstract

Ensuring the internal coherence of the economic space and the stability of the resettlement system in regional socio-economic systems is important for ensuring national security, reducing the level of interregional differentiation in the socio-economic development of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, as well as reducing intra-regional socio-economic differences. The Arctic territories of Russia attract a separate research interest both in connection with the growing importance of this region in world economic and geopolitical processes, and in connection with the continuing unresolved number of problems in the development of the economic space of the region. In this work, the focus of the study is aimed at analyzing current trends in the socio-economic development of the Arctic territories of the Republic of Karelia, which will make it possible to more clearly see the problems of implementing Russia’s strategic goals in the Arctic region, and develop adequate measures to overcome the identified problems. The most important conditions for the development of the region are the stability of the resettlement system and the cohesion of the economic space of the territory, due to the existing framework for the spatial development of the region. Current trends in the socio-economic development of the Arctic territories of the Republic of Karelia demonstrate the erosion of the existing structure of regional economic relations due to falling purchasing power of the population and general depopulation, extremely high transport costs, high cost of electricity for economic entities and interruptions in its supply. Promising is the management of the socio-economic development of the Arctic territories of the Republic of Karelia in the context of the implementation of the tasks of large Arctic projects provided for by the “Support Development Zones” mechanism. Orientation to existing development centers in the Arctic will allow forming a development zone in the regional space of northern Karelia, based on production and creation of added value.

Key Words

Regional economy, economic space, Karelian reference zone, Arctic territories, regional policy, social and economic development of the Arctic