Environmental Economics and Social Ecology

Modern approaches to solving the environmental and economic problems of urban transport

Authors: Teslyuk L. M., Dukmasova N. V., Rumyantseva A. V., Berezyuk M. V.

Abstract

The increase in the number of vehicles negatively affects the air quality of urban areas, leads to climate change and the formation of environmental pathologies. The continuing rise in prices for liquid petroleum (gasoline / diesel) fuel leads to an increase in the cost of operating vehicles. The switch to to alternative fuels – natural gas, is a step towards ecologically cleaner and cheaper fuel. The purpose of the article is to assess the environmental and economic effectiveness of the project to transfer the motor transport enterprise in the Sverdlovskaya Oblast to gas engine fuel. This enterprise belongs to small and medium enterprises and is engaged in urban and suburban passenger transportation. The article discusses the economic and environmental benefits of this project for its vehicles – PAZ-3205 buses and GAZ-32213 minibuses. Full justification is given for choosing a type of fuel – compressed natural gas (methane) based on an analysis of economic and environmental factors, taking into account fire and explosion safety indicators of vehicle operation and their technical characteristics, as well as gas stations availability in the region. There is presented a calculation of the main indicators of the project’s economic efficiency (NPV, profitability index, payback period of the project) in the article, as well as a significant reduction in emissions of atmospheric pollutants (CO2, СО, CmHn, NOx). The results show the usefulness and cost-effectiveness of quick-impact project.

Key Words

Economic effectiveness, air pollution, environmental damage, gas engine fuel, motor transport enterprise, environmental effectiveness